REP/REPE/REPZ/REPNE/REPNZ — Repeat String Operation Prefix

Opcode Instruction Op/En 64-Bit Mode Compat/Leg Mode Description
F3 6C REP INS m8, DX ZO Valid Valid Input (E)CX bytes from port DX into ES:[(E)DI].
F3 6C REP INS m8, DX ZO Valid N.E. Input RCX bytes from port DX into [RDI].
F3 6D REP INS m16, DX ZO Valid Valid Input (E)CX words from port DX into ES:[(E)DI.]
F3 6D REP INS m32, DX ZO Valid Valid Input (E)CX doublewords from port DX into ES:[(E)DI].
F3 6D REP INS r/m32, DX ZO Valid N.E. Input RCX default size from port DX into [RDI].
F3 A4 REP MOVS m8, m8 ZO Valid Valid Move (E)CX bytes from DS:[(E)SI] to ES:[(E)DI].
F3 REX.W A4 REP MOVS m8, m8 ZO Valid N.E. Move RCX bytes from [RSI] to [RDI].
F3 A5 REP MOVS m16, m16 ZO Valid Valid Move (E)CX words from DS:[(E)SI] to ES:[(E)DI].
F3 A5 REP MOVS m32, m32 ZO Valid Valid Move (E)CX doublewords from DS:[(E)SI] to ES:[(E)DI].
F3 REX.W A5 REP MOVS m64, m64 ZO Valid N.E. Move RCX quadwords from [RSI] to [RDI].
F3 6E REP OUTS DX, r/m8 ZO Valid Valid Output (E)CX bytes from DS:[(E)SI] to port DX.
F3 REX.W 6E REP OUTS DX, r/m8* ZO Valid N.E. Output RCX bytes from [RSI] to port DX.
F3 6F REP OUTS DX, r/m16 ZO Valid Valid Output (E)CX words from DS:[(E)SI] to port DX.
F3 6F REP OUTS DX, r/m32 ZO Valid Valid Output (E)CX doublewords from DS:[(E)SI] to port DX.
F3 REX.W 6F REP OUTS DX, r/m32 ZO Valid N.E. Output RCX default size from [RSI] to port DX.
F3 AC REP LODS AL ZO Valid Valid Load (E)CX bytes from DS:[(E)SI] to AL.
F3 REX.W AC REP LODS AL ZO Valid N.E. Load RCX bytes from [RSI] to AL.
F3 AD REP LODS AX ZO Valid Valid Load (E)CX words from DS:[(E)SI] to AX.
F3 AD REP LODS EAX ZO Valid Valid Load (E)CX doublewords from DS:[(E)SI] to EAX.
F3 REX.W AD REP LODS RAX ZO Valid N.E. Load RCX quadwords from [RSI] to RAX.
F3 AA REP STOS m8 ZO Valid Valid Fill (E)CX bytes at ES:[(E)DI] with AL.
F3 REX.W AA REP STOS m8 ZO Valid N.E. Fill RCX bytes at [RDI] with AL.
F3 AB REP STOS m16 ZO Valid Valid Fill (E)CX words at ES:[(E)DI] with AX.
F3 AB REP STOS m32 ZO Valid Valid Fill (E)CX doublewords at ES:[(E)DI] with EAX.
F3 REX.W AB REP STOS m64 ZO Valid N.E. Fill RCX quadwords at [RDI] with RAX.
F3 A6 REPE CMPS m8, m8 ZO Valid Valid Find nonmatching bytes in ES:[(E)DI] and DS:[(E)SI].
F3 REX.W A6 REPE CMPS m8, m8 ZO Valid N.E. Find non-matching bytes in [RDI] and [RSI].
F3 A7 REPE CMPS m16, m16 ZO Valid Valid Find nonmatching words in ES:[(E)DI] and DS:[(E)SI].
F3 A7 REPE CMPS m32, m32 ZO Valid Valid Find nonmatching doublewords in ES:[(E)DI] and DS:[(E)SI].
F3 REX.W A7 REPE CMPS m64, m64 ZO Valid N.E. Find non-matching quadwords in [RDI] and [RSI].
F3 AE REPE SCAS m8 ZO Valid Valid Find non-AL byte starting at ES:[(E)DI].
F3 REX.W AE REPE SCAS m8 ZO Valid N.E. Find non-AL byte starting at [RDI].
F3 AF REPE SCAS m16 ZO Valid Valid Find non-AX word starting at ES:[(E)DI].
F3 AF REPE SCAS m32 ZO Valid Valid Find non-EAX doubleword starting at ES:[(E)DI].
F3 REX.W AF REPE SCAS m64 ZO Valid N.E. Find non-RAX quadword starting at [RDI].
F2 A6 REPNE CMPS m8, m8 ZO Valid Valid Find matching bytes in ES:[(E)DI] and DS:[(E)SI].
F2 REX.W A6 REPNE CMPS m8, m8 ZO Valid N.E. Find matching bytes in [RDI] and [RSI].
F2 A7 REPNE CMPS m16, m16 ZO Valid Valid Find matching words in ES:[(E)DI] and DS:[(E)SI].
F2 A7 REPNE CMPS m32, m32 ZO Valid Valid Find matching doublewords in ES:[(E)DI] and DS:[(E)SI].
F2 REX.W A7 REPNE CMPS m64, m64 ZO Valid N.E. Find matching doublewords in [RDI] and [RSI].
F2 AE REPNE SCAS m8 ZO Valid Valid Find AL, starting at ES:[(E)DI].
F2 REX.W AE REPNE SCAS m8 ZO Valid N.E. Find AL, starting at [RDI].
F2 AF REPNE SCAS m16 ZO Valid Valid Find AX, starting at ES:[(E)DI].
F2 AF REPNE SCAS m32 ZO Valid Valid Find EAX, starting at ES:[(E)DI].
F2 REX.W AF REPNE SCAS m64 ZO Valid N.E. Find RAX, starting at [RDI].
NOTES: * In64-bitmode,r/m8cannotbeencodedtoaccessthefollowingbyteregistersifaREXprefixisused:AH,BH,CH,DH.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3 Operand 4
ZO NA NA NA NA

Description

Repeats a string instruction the number of times specified in the count register or until the indicated condition of the ZF flag is no longer met. The REP (repeat), REPE (repeat while equal), REPNE (repeat while not equal), REPZ (repeat while zero), and REPNZ (repeat while not zero) mnemonics are prefixes that can be added to one of the string instructions. The REP prefix can be added to the INS, OUTS, MOVS, LODS, and STOS instructions, and the REPE, REPNE, REPZ, and REPNZ prefixes can be added to the CMPS and SCAS instructions. (The REPZ and REPNZ prefixes are synonymous forms of the REPE and REPNE prefixes, respectively.) The F3H prefix is defined for the following instructions and undefined for the rest:

The REP prefixes apply only to one string instruction at a time. To repeat a block of instructions, use the LOOP instruction or another looping construct. All of these repeat prefixes cause the associated instruction to be repeated until the count in register is decremented to 0. See Table 4-16.

Repeat Prefix Termination Condition 1* Termination Condition 2
REP RCX or (E)CX = 0 None
REPE/REPZ RCX or (E)CX = 0 ZF = 0
REPNE/REPNZ RCX or (E)CX = 0 ZF = 1
Table 4-16. Repeat Prefixes

* CountregisterisCX,ECXorRCXbydefault,dependingonattributesoftheoperatingmodes.

The REPE, REPNE, REPZ, and REPNZ prefixes also check the state of the ZF flag after each iteration and terminate the repeat loop if the ZF flag is not in the specified state. When both termination conditions are tested, the cause of a repeat termination can be determined either by testing the count register with a JECXZ instruction or by testing the ZF flag (with a JZ, JNZ, or JNE instruction).

When the REPE/REPZ and REPNE/REPNZ prefixes are used, the ZF flag does not require initialization because both the CMPS and SCAS instructions affect the ZF flag according to the results of the comparisons they make.

A repeating string operation can be suspended by an exception or interrupt. When this happens, the state of the registers is preserved to allow the string operation to be resumed upon a return from the exception or interrupt handler. The source and destination registers point to the next string elements to be operated on, the EIP register points to the string instruction, and the ECX register has the value it held following the last successful iteration of the instruction. This mechanism allows long string operations to proceed without affecting the interrupt response time of the system.

When a fault occurs during the execution of a CMPS or SCAS instruction that is prefixed with REPE or REPNE, the EFLAGS value is restored to the state prior to the execution of the instruction. Since the SCAS and CMPS instructions do not use EFLAGS as an input, the processor can resume the instruction after the page fault handler.

Use the REP INS and REP OUTS instructions with caution. Not all I/O ports can handle the rate at which these instructions execute. Note that a REP STOS instruction is the fastest way to initialize a large block of memory.

In 64-bit mode, the operand size of the count register is associated with the address size attribute. Thus the default count register is RCX; REX.W has no effect on the address size and the count register. In 64-bit mode, if 67H is used to override address size attribute, the count register is ECX and any implicit source/destination operand will use the corresponding 32-bit index register. See the summary chart at the beginning of this section for encoding data and limits.

REP INS may read from the I/O port without writing to the memory location if an exception or VM exit occurs due to the write (e.g. #PF). If this would be problematic, for example because the I/O port read has side-effects, software should ensure the write to the memory location does not cause an exception or VM exit.

Operation

IF AddressSize = 16
    THEN
            Use CX for CountReg;
            Implicit Source/Dest operand for memory use of SI/DI;
    ELSE IF AddressSize = 64
            THEN Use RCX for CountReg;
            Implicit Source/Dest operand for memory use of RSI/RDI;
    ELSE
            Use ECX for CountReg;
            Implicit Source/Dest operand for memory use of ESI/EDI;
FI;
WHILE CountReg ≠ 0
        DO
                Service pending interrupts (if any);
                Execute associated string instruction;
                CountReg ← (CountReg – 1);
                IF CountReg = 0
                    THEN exit WHILE loop; FI;
                IF (Repeat prefix is REPZ or REPE) and (ZF = 0)
                or (Repeat prefix is REPNZ or REPNE) and (ZF = 1)
                    THEN exit WHILE loop; FI;
        OD;

Flags Affected

None; however, the CMPS and SCAS instructions do set the status flags in the EFLAGS register.

Exceptions (All Operating Modes)

Exceptions may be generated by an instruction associated with the prefix.

64-Bit Mode Exceptions

#GP(0) If the memory address is in a non-canonical form.