VREDUCESD — Perform a Reduction Transformation on a Scalar Float64 Value

Opcode/Instruction Op / En 64/32 bit Mode Support CPUID Feature Flag Description
EVEX.LLIG.66.0F3A.W1 57 VREDUCESD xmm1 {k1}{z}, xmm2, xmm3/m64{sae}, imm8/r A V/V AVX512D Q Perform a reduction transformation on a scalar double precision floating-point value in xmm3/m64 by subtracting a number of fraction bits specified by the imm8 field. Also, upper double precision floating-point value (bits[127:64]) from xmm2 are copied to xmm1[127:64]. Stores the result in xmm1 register.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Tuple Type Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3 Operand 4
A Tuple1 Scalar ModRM:reg (w) EVEX.vvvv (r) ModRM:r/m (r) N/A


Perform a reduction transformation of the binary encoded double precision floating-point value in the low qword element of the second source operand (the third operand) and store the reduced result in binary floating-point format to the low qword element of the destination operand (the first operand) under the writemask k1. Bits 127:64 of the destination operand are copied from respective qword elements of the first source operand (the second operand).

The reduction transformation subtracts the integer part and the leading M fractional bits from the binary floating-point source value, where M is a unsigned integer specified by imm8[7:4], see Figure 5-28. Specifically, the reduction transformation can be expressed as:

dest = src – (ROUND(2M*src))*2-M;

where “Round()” treats “src”, “2M”, and their product as binary floating-point numbers with normalized significand and biased exponents.

The magnitude of the reduced result can be expressed by considering src= 2p*man2,

where ‘man2’ is the normalized significand and ‘p’ is the unbiased exponent

Then if RC = RNE: 0<=|Reduced Result|<=2p-M-1

Then if RC ≠ RNE: 0<=|Reduced Result|<2p-M

This instruction might end up with a precision exception set. However, in case of SPE set (i.e., Suppress Precision Exception, which is imm8[3]=1), no precision exception is reported.

The operation is write masked.

Handling of special case of input values are listed in Table 5-29.


ReduceArgumentDP(SRC[63:0], imm8[7:0])
    // Check for NaN
    IF (SRC [63:0] = NAN) THEN
        RETURN (Convert SRC[63:0] to QNaN); FI;
    M := imm8[7:4]; // Number of fraction bits of the normalized significand to be subtracted
    RC := imm8[1:0];// Round Control for ROUND() operation
    RC source := imm[2];
    SPE := imm[3];// Suppress Precision Exception
    TMP[63:0] := 2-M *{ROUND(2M*SRC[63:0], SPE, RC_source, RC)}; // ROUND() treats SRC and 2M as standard binary FP values
    TMP[63:0] := SRC[63:0] – TMP[63:0]; // subtraction under the same RC,SPE controls
    RETURN TMP[63:0]; // binary encoded FP with biased exponent and normalized significand


IF k1[0] or *no writemask*
    THEN DEST[63:0] := ReduceArgumentDP(SRC2[63:0], imm8[7:0])
        IF *merging-masking* ; merging-masking
            THEN *DEST[63:0] remains unchanged*
            ELSE ; zeroing-masking
                THEN DEST[63:0] = 0
DEST[127:64] := SRC1[127:64]
DEST[MAXVL-1:128] := 0

Intel C/C++ Compiler Intrinsic Equivalent

VREDUCESD __m128d _mm_mask_reduce_sd( __m128d a, __m128d b, int imm, int sae)
VREDUCESD __m128d _mm_mask_reduce_sd(__m128d s, __mmask16 k, __m128d a, __m128d b, int imm, int sae)
VREDUCESD __m128d _mm_maskz_reduce_sd(__mmask16 k, __m128d a, __m128d b, int imm, int sae)

SIMD Floating-Point Exceptions

Invalid, Precision.

If SPE is enabled, precision exception is not reported (regardless of MXCSR exception mask).

Other Exceptions

See Table 2-47, “Type E3 Class Exception Conditions.”